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Learn about Finance and Insurance – NAICS Code 52 – For Commercial Insurance. Insurance companies use NAICS codes to classify your industry and calculate your premiums. See all the six digit codes that fall under this primary NAICS class code for business insurance underwriting and cost purposes.

Finance and Insurance – NAICS Code 52

What’s the best way to describe your company’s business operations? Are you involved in the Finance and Insurance industry?

If so, then your business classification falls under Finance and Insurance – NAICS Code 52 – For Commercial Insurance. Insurance companies use NAICS codes to identify customers by industry code.

The NAICS sector code is a six digit number: the first two digits designate the largest business sector, the third digit designates the subsector, the fourth digit designates the industry group, and the fifth digit designates particular industries. The last digit designates national industries.

Sector 52 – Finance and Insurance – NAICS Manual

The Finance and Insurance sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in financial transactions (transactions involving the creation, liquidation, or change in ownership of financial assets) and/or in facilitating financial transactions. Three principal types of activities are identified:

  1. Raising funds by taking deposits and/or issuing securities and, in the process, incurring liabilities. Establishments engaged in this activity use raised funds to acquire financial assets by making loans and/or purchasing securities. Putting themselves at risk, they channel funds from lenders to borrowers and transform or repackage the funds with respect to maturity, scale, and risk. This activity is known as financial intermediation.
  2. Pooling of risk by underwriting insurance and annuities. Establishments engaged in this activity collect fees, insurance premiums, or annuity considerations; build up reserves; invest those reserves; and make contractual payments. Fees are based on the expected incidence of the insured risk and the expected return on investment.
  3. Providing specialized services facilitating or supporting financial intermediation, insurance, and employee benefit programs.

In addition, monetary authorities charged with monetary control are included in this sector.

The subsectors, industry groups, and industries within the Finance and Insurance sector are defined on the basis of their unique production processes. As with all industries, the production processes are distinguished by their use of specialized human resources and specialized physical capital. In addition, the way in which these establishments acquire and allocate financial capital, their source of funds, and the use of those funds provides a third basis for distinguishing characteristics of the production process. For instance, the production process in raising funds through deposit-taking is different from the process of raising funds in bond or money markets. The process of making loans to individuals also requires different production processes than does the creation of investment pools or the underwriting of securities.

Most of the Finance and Insurance subsectors contain one or more industry groups of (1) intermediaries with similar patterns of raising and using funds and (2) establishments engaged in activities that facilitate, or are otherwise related to, that type of financial or insurance intermediation. Industries within this sector are defined in terms of activities for which a production process can be specified, and many of these activities are not exclusive to a particular type of financial institution. To deal with the varied activities taking place within existing financial institutions, the approach is to split these institutions into components performing specialized services. This requires defining the units engaged in providing those services and developing procedures that allow for their delineation. These units are the equivalents for finance and insurance of the establishments defined for other industries.

The output of many financial services, as well as the inputs and the processes by which they are combined, cannot be observed at a single location and can only be defined at a higher level of the organizational structure of the enterprise. Additionally, a number of independent activities that represent separate and distinct production processes may take place at a single location belonging to a multilocation financial firm. Activities are more likely to be homogeneous with respect to production characteristics than are locations, at least in financial services. The classification defines activities broadly enough that it can be used both by those classifying by location and by those employing a more top-down approach to the delineation of the establishment.

Establishments engaged in activities that facilitate, or are otherwise related to, the various types of intermediation are included in multiple subsectors, rather than in a separate subsector dedicated to services alone, because these services are performed by intermediaries, as well as by specialist establishments, and the extent to which the activity of the intermediaries can be separately identified is not clear.

Financial industries are extensive users of electronic means for facilitating the verification of financial balances, authorizing transactions, transferring funds to and from transactors’ accounts, notifying banks (or credit card issuers) of the individual transactions, and providing daily summaries. Since these transaction processing activities are integral to the production of finance and insurance services, establishments that principally provide a financial transaction processing service are classified in this sector, rather than in the data processing industry in the Information sector.

Legal entities that hold portfolios of assets on behalf of others are significant and data on them are required for a variety of purposes. Thus for NAICS, these funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles are the fifth subsector of the Finance and Insurance sector. These entities earn interest, dividends, and other property income, but have little or no employment and no revenue from the sale of services. Separate establishments and employees devoted to the management of funds are classified in Industry Group 5239, Other Financial Investment Activities.

How NAICS Classifications Effects Your Commercial Insurance Cost

But how does your Finance and Insurance – NAICS Code 52 – For Commercial Insurance classification affect your premiums and insurance cost? Insurance companies selling commercial insurance use NAICS codes in many ways – to analyze and classify the businesses they insure, or choose not insure. Some small business NAICS code classifications can result in you paying higher premiums for your business insurance. It is important that your business is classified properly.

Industry codes help insurers with several analytical processes involving marketing, underwriting, exclusions, loss control, forms, pricing and other operations. Let’s look at some of the the NAICS codes under your classification.

NAICS Structure

Following is a list of all the codes and titles. If the title is linked you can drill down for more information:

  • 521110 Monetary Authorities-Central Bank
  • 522110 Commercial Banking
  • 522120 Savings Institutions
  • 522130 Credit Unions
  • 522190 Other Depository Credit Intermediation
  • 522210 Credit Card Issuing
  • 522220 Sales Financing
  • 522291 Consumer Lending
  • 522292 Real Estate Credit
  • 522293 International Trade Financing
  • 522294 Secondary Market Financing
  • 522298 All Other Nondepository Credit Intermediation
  • 522310 Mortgage and Nonmortgage Loan Brokers
  • 522320 Financial Transactions Processing, Reserve, and Clearinghouse Activities
  • 522390 Other Activities Related to Credit Intermediation
  • 523110 Investment Banking and Securities Dealing
  • 523120 Securities Brokerage
  • 523130 Commodity Contracts Dealing
  • 523140 Commodity Contracts Brokerage
  • 523210 Securities and Commodity Exchanges
  • 523910 Miscellaneous Intermediation
  • 523920 Portfolio Management
  • 523930 Investment Advice
  • 523991 Trust, Fiduciary, and Custody Activities
  • 523999 Miscellaneous Financial Investment Activities
  • 524113 Direct Life Insurance Carriers
  • 524114 Direct Health and Medical Insurance Carriers
  • 524126 Direct Property and Casualty Insurance Carriers
  • 524127 Direct Title Insurance Carriers
  • 524128 Other Direct Insurance (except Life, Health, and Medical) Carriers
  • 524130 Reinsurance Carriers
  • 524210 Insurance Agencies and Brokerages
  • 524291 Claims Adjusting
  • 524292 Third Party Administration of Insurance and Pension Funds
  • 524298 All Other Insurance Related Activities
  • 525110 Pension Funds
  • 525120 Health and Welfare Funds
  • 525190 Other Insurance Funds
  • 525910 Open-End Investment Funds
  • 525920 Trusts, Estates, and Agency Accounts
  • 525990 Other Financial Vehicles

Finance and Insurance – NAICS Code 52 – For Commercial Insurance

We hope this information on Finance and Insurance – NAICS Code 52 – For Commercial Insurance has been helpful. Your classification determines how much you pay for your commercial insurance and much more.

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